The Nahuat of El Salvador & Central American Lenca
Although this topic might not apply for “Mexico”, I’m excited to talk about Mexico’s neighboring languages. El Salvador is part of the cultural region “Mesoamerica” , to which Mexico, and part of Central America used to belong to as well.
Nahuat (also known as Pipil Nahuat) is one the variants within the family of Nahuatl family and is very much related to the southernmost Nahuan variaties like the ones in Veracruz and Tabasco. Salvadoran Nahuat is in risk of dying out with around 300 native speakers, although the numbers and vitality of the language have looked up these last years with new speakers and language revitalization from different efforts. This nahuat has been influenced culturally and linguistically by the neighboring languages such as Mayan. Therefore, I’d like to present a general overview of the Nahuat language, its culture, its similarities and differences between the Nahuas found in Mexico and its unique features not found in its other sister languages, all from a linguistic point of view with special cultural comments.
I also want to talk briefly about the other two languages and their culture, Lencan and Cacaopera, that have gone extinct in El Salvador and belonged to the Lencan family and to a still living family, Misumalpan, respectively. They have totally different grammar and very interesting features, which is exciting for linguistics enthusiast.